by V. Lance Tarrance
The Rise of the Latino Vote-A History by Benjamin Francis- Fallon, Harvard University Press 2019:
“In short the Latino vote did not exist before 1960, at least as a subject of national political analysis and policy conversation because Latino vote was not yet on the agenda . The forging of Latino politics transformed the Republican Party in the late 1960s as a self-described Hispanic Republican movement. It began to emerge primarily through the sponsorship of the GOP and in the Southwest embracing a middle class conception of pan-ethnic community. Its equation of individual success with group progress and inclusion proved to be an influential formula.” SEE ALSO “THE HISPANIC REPUBLICAN – The Shaping of An American Political Identity, from Nixon to Trump” by Geraldo Cadava 2020 HarperCollins Publication
“Latinos entered the national political consciousness burdened by extraordinary expectations. For decades scores of influential journalists, civil rights advocates and political professionals hearing the echoes of Whitman imagined a people poised to transform the country … One can look back to the Time magazine cover in October 1978 which used the words Hispanic Americans in a prediction that soon they will be the biggest minority. But more than a cultural change was on the horizon according to Time Magazine, that the Hispanics influence on the US democracy would be striking as their very numbers guarantee they will play an increasingly important role in shaping the nation’s politics and policies . In another Time magazine cover, this one from March 2012 , promised to explain why Latinos will pick the next president … or, whether or not to turn out.”
“Thus the emergence of Latino politics both contributed to the collapse of the New Deal political order but embedded parts of the very order’s economic vision and the era that ensued. The multicultural democracy emerging from the 1960s was at once more traditionally liberal and more conservative than many analysts have recognized.”
“This meant that even as late as 1969 no nationwide U.S.Census category distinguished them. Those wishing to make the case that this was a people central to national affairs or to mobilize them Who Is Hispanic ? To pursue a common agenda were hamstrung by lack of hard data as to their numbers, their location, and their condition.
see below linkages to the latest Latino numbers nationwide
AUGUST 16, 2023
11 facts about Hispanic origin groups in the U.S.
Now that the U.S. population is producing many strong numbers for the Hispanic population, including not only the PEW Research Center, but also the U.S. Census Bureau. Here, below, are some quick updated facts on the Hispanic population by PEW for the 2024 Presidential race. Many of these facts have been , and continue to be misinterpreted or misrepresented as in the past. But not any more.
“Most Hispanic immigrants have lived in the U.S. for at least a decade. Nearly four-in-five Hispanic immigrants (78%) have lived in the U.S. for more than 10 years, up from 64% in 2010. Panamanian (87%) and Mexican (86%) immigrants are the most likely to have lived in the U.S. for more than 10 years.”
“The vast majority of U.S. Hispanics are U.S. citizens. About 81% of Hispanics living in the country in 2021 were U.S. citizens, up from 74% in 2010. U.S. citizens include people born in the U.S. and its territories (including Puerto Rico), people born abroad to American parents, and immigrants who have become U.S. citizens through naturalization.”
“The share of Hispanics in the U.S. who speak English proficiently has increased. In 2021, 72% of U.S. Hispanics ages 5 and older either spoke only English at home or spoke English very well, up from 65% in 2010. During that time, both U.S.-born and immigrant Hispanics became more proficient in the language. The share of U.S.-born Hispanics who were proficient grew from 88% to 91%, and the share among immigrant Hispanics grew from 32% to 38%.”
“Immigrants are a declining share of the U.S. Hispanic population. About 0ne-third (32%) of all U.S. Hispanics were immigrants in 2021, down from 37% in 2010. U.S. births to Hispanic parents outpaced the arrival of new immigrants in that span. As a result, the U.S.-born Hispanic population grew by 10.7 million while the immigrant population grew by 1.1 million.”
PEW RESEARCH CENTER
SEPTEMBER 5, 2023
How the U.S. Census Bureau determines who is Hispanic
According to Latino Decisions, a left of center polling company, the key issues for Latinos by state was revealed in the following priority way for TEXAS :
1. Rising Cost of Living
2. Price of Gas
3. Cost of Health Care
4. Women’s Reproductive Rights and Abortion Rights
5. Mass Shootings and Gun Safety Policy
Source: 2022 Midterm Voter Election Poll (sample size: 5,400 Latino register voters) Oct – Nov 2022